Childhood poverty effects economics, crime, and health in this area in Chicago. Economically, childhood poverty produces mass amounts of adults below the poverty line. After so many years of necessity people do what needs to be done to get money. Therefore, in order to survive residents may resort to stealing, violent acts, and drug dealing, among many other criminal activities. Being born into poverty there is more of a chance to grow up and accept being poor. Because of this, most citizens probably will not have sufficient funds for health care. Also, children born into poverty have less of a healthy “health capital”.
From the 2005 census estimate, there are 95,000 people living in Little Village, making it the second largest population out of 77 neighborhoods in Chicago. The schools in Little Village have a dropout rate of 61% and is the most over-crowded in Chicago. This may be due to the fact that it is the 23rd poorest community out of the 77 areas. The unemployment rate is 11.1% according to the Illinois Department of Labor, which would explain an increase in crime. Due to the increasing crime rate there is an effect on the health capital of children growing up in Little Village, negatively.
Austin is the largest land area of the 77 Chicago communities. There is a lot of poverty in this area. Because of this, crime is becoming a major issue. Examples of the crimes in this area are substance trafficking, a high murder rate, and gang activity. Austin is known as one of the most crime-ridden neighborhoods in Chicago. In Spring 2007, Austin Community Academy High School closed. This indirectly led to a massive increase in the crime throughout the community. The health capital is also not superb in Austin because of the murder rate, drug intake, and distractions to young children trying to succeed. All in all, this specific community has the common problems among the other southwest poverty stricken areas.
North Lawndale ranks 10 out of 77 for the poorest Chicago communities. More than half of all children under 18 years of age in this neighborhood were living under the poverty line in 1990. According to the Chicago Department of Public Health, 45.2% of North Lawndale’s population lived below the poverty line in 2000. This determines that the crime rate is high, and many of the citizens make below the median income. The average rental price is 1,150 dollars. Some may be able to afford this, some might not. Parents not being able to afford housing could influence a growing child to spend more time working than on school-work, or even become angry and create problems for other citizens by being in a gang or selling drugs.
In conclusion, we have learned that since the areas we investigated were heavily poverty-stricken, it affects the education, employment, crime, and health in these areas. Due to unemployment, children may feel the need to find a job on their own and neglect school in order to support the family. This leads to a high drop-out rate, increase in crime because of drug dealing for money, and less of an income because of lack of education. Poverty effects health in terms of gang violence lowering your life expectancy, and of drugs on the body. All in all, poverty is a main source of the problems in low income areas.